Recent Announcements


Ji-Won and Jong Bin won best paper awards in 2018 PSK fall meeting

posted Oct 14, 2018, 11:39 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim   [ updated Oct 14, 2018, 11:40 PM ]

Congrats, Ji-Won and Jong Bin!!!

   


Our paper is featured as inside cover in Small

posted Oct 4, 2018, 10:27 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Dong Jae Kim, Sung-Gyu Park, Dong-Ho Kim, and Shin-Hyun Kim, "SERS-Active Charged Microgels for Size- and Charge-Selective Molecular Analysis of Complex Biological Samples", Small 141802520 (2018)


New Article in Chem. Mater.

posted Sep 27, 2018, 6:19 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim   [ updated Sep 27, 2018, 6:19 PM ]

Osmotic-Stress-Mediated Control of Membrane Permeability of Polymeric Microcapsules 
by Sangmin Lee, Tae Yong Lee, Dong Jae Kim, Bomi Kim, and Shin-Hyun Kim

Microcapsules with regular pore size can provide size-selective permeation, which is promising for immunoisolation of cells, protection of enzymes or catalysts, and development of capsule-type sensors. However, conventional approaches have limited biocompatibility or poor dispersion stability of encapsulants. Here, we suggest a simple yet pragmatic method to produce semipermeable microcapsules using osmotic stress. With a capillary microfluidic device, monodisperse microcapsules with ultra-thin polymer membranes are prepared by double-emulsion templating. The microcapsules are subjected to a hypotonic condition, by which water is pumped in, imposing a tensile stress on the membrane. The osmotic stress initiates cracks at weak spots. As cracks propagate, the pressure gradually reduces as ions diffuse through them, finally resulting in a finite width of cracks. The final width can be controlled from 5 to 10 nm using an initial osmotic pressure of 230 to 690 kPa, enabling fine adjustment of the cut-off threshold of permeation. This osmotic-pressure-mediated control is highly compatible with delicate biological molecules and colloidal dispersions as no etching chemicals are required to form pores. Taking advantage of this method, we demonstrate a capsule-type molecular sensor based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering that obviates pretreatment of samples because the membrane allows the entrance of small target molecules while blocking the large adhesive proteins.


New communication in Adv. Mater.

posted Aug 13, 2018, 4:59 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Tae Min Choi, Kwanghwi Je, Jin-Gyu Park, Gun Ho Lee, and Shin-Hyun Kim, "Photonic Capsule Sensors with Built-in Colloidal Crystallites", Advanced Materials, accepted for publication (2018).


New paper in Small

posted Aug 2, 2018, 5:00 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Dong Jae Kim, Sung-Gyu Park, Dong-Ho Kim, and Shin-Hyun Kim, "SERS-Active Charged Microgels for Size- and Charge-Selective Molecular Analysis of Complex Biological Samples", Small, accepted for publication (2018)(Co-corresponding author)

SERS-active charged microgels are microfluidically designed by embedding agglomerates of gold nanoparticles in a matrix. The microgels concentrate oppositely-charged small molecules while excluding large proteins. As nanogaps among gold nanoparticles serve as hot spots for SERS, Raman signal of charged molecules is dramatically enhanced without interruption of protein. Therefore, the microgels enable direct molecular analysis of complex biological samples.


New Article in Science Advances

posted Jun 24, 2018, 6:39 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Sang Seok Lee, Jong Bin Kim, Yun Ho Kim, and Shin-Hyun Kim, "Wavelength-tunable and shape-reconfigurable photonic capsule resonators containing cholesteric liquid crystals", Science Advances, published online (2018)(Corresponding author) [pdf]

Cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs) have a photonic bandgap due to the periodic change of refractive index along their helical axes. The CLCs containing optical gain have served as band-edge lasing resonators. In particular, CLCs in a granular format provide omnidirectional lasing, which are promising as a point light source. However, there is no platform that simultaneously achieves high stability in air and wavelength tunability. We encapsulate CLCs with double shells to design a capsule-type laser resonator. The fluidic CLCs are fully enclosed by an aqueous inner shell that promotes the planar alignment of LC molecules along the interface. The outer shell made of silicone elastomer protects the CLC core and the inner shell from the surroundings. Therefore, the helical axes of the CLCs are radially oriented within the capsules, which provide a stable omnidirectional lasing in the air. At the same time, the fluidic CLCs enable the fine-tuning of lasing wavelength with temperature. The capsules retain their double-shell structure during the dynamic deformation. Therefore, the CLCs in the core maintain the planar alignment along the deformed interface, and a lasing direction can be varied from omnidirectional to bi- or multidirectional, depending on the shape of deformed capsules.


New Article in Chemistry of Materials

posted May 9, 2018, 12:59 AM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Gun Ho Lee, Tae Yoon Jeon, Jong Bin Kim, Byungjin Lee, Chang-Soo Lee, Su Yeon Lee, and Shin-Hyun Kim, "Multicompartment Photonic Microcylinders toward Structural Color Inks", Chemistry of Materials, Accepted for publication (2018)(Co-corresponding author)

Structural coloration is promising as an alternative to chemical coloration because it has characteristics of their high color brightness, no fading, and low toxicity. Here, we report a pragmatic micromolding technique to create functional photonic microcylinders which are useful as structural color pigments. Photocurable dispersions of silica particles with interparticle repulsion are molded to spontaneously form regular arrays in confined volumes, which are instantly stabilized by photopolymerization. The resulting photonic microcylinders, released from the mold, exhibit pronounced structural colors from the entire visible range. In addition, multiple compartments can be integrated into single microcylinders through volatile-solvent-mediated sequential molding. As each compartment can be independently rendered to be structurally-colored, transparent, or magneto-responsive, the multicompartment microcylinders show advanced functionalities, such as color-brightness tunability and switchable color properties. These photonic microcylinders will serve as structural color pigments in a wide range of aesthetic coatings and authentication tags.



Jong Bin won a best poster award in Graduate Students Symposium

posted Apr 13, 2018, 6:10 AM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Congrats, Jong Bin!!


Ji-Won won a best oral presentation award in PSK spring meeting!

posted Apr 13, 2018, 6:07 AM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Congrats, Ji-Won!!



New Article in ACS AM&I

posted Feb 21, 2018, 5:49 PM by Shin-Hyun Kim

Chan Ho Park, Sang Min Lee, Ghasidit Pornnoppadol, Yoon Sung Nam, Shin-Hyun Kim, and Bumjoon J. Kim, "Microcapsules Containing pH-Responsive, Fluorescent Polymer-Integrated MoS2: Effective Platform for in-situ pH Sensing and Photothermal Heating", ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesAccepted for publication (2018). (Co-corresponding author, Park and Lee contributed equally)


We report the design of a novel microcapsule platform for in-situ pH sensing and photothermal heating, involving the encapsulation of pH-responsive polymer-coated MoS2 nanosheets (NSs) in microcapsules with an aqueous core and a semipermeable polymeric shell. The MoS2 NSs were functionalized with pH-responsive polymers having fluorescent groups at the distal end to provide pH-sensitive Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) effect. The pH-responsive polymers were carefully designed to produce a dramatic change in polymer conformation, which translated to a change in FRET efficiency near pH 7.0 in response to subtle pH changes, enabling the detection of cancer cells. The pH-sensitive MoS2 NSs were microfluidically encapsulated within semipermeable membranes to yield microcapsules with uniform size and composition. The microcapsules retained the MoS2 NSs without leakage, while allowing the diffusion of small ions and water through the membrane. At the same time, the membranes excluded adhesive proteins and lipids in the surrounding media, protecting the encapsulated MoS2 NSs from deactivation and enabling in-situ pH monitoring. Moreover, the encapsulated MoS2 NSs showed high-performance photothermal heating, rendering the dual-functional microcapsules highly suitable for cancer diagnosis and treatment.

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